Health issues during pregnancy

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    Issue: Anaemia

    What is it?: Lower rate of red cells or haemoglobin in your blood
    What else does it cause?: Causes tiredness and lack of energy
    Treatment: A simple blood test will show if you are anaemic, you may need iron supplements
    Seek advice from: Your midwife or GP
    Issue: Chickenpox

    What is it?: A virus
    What else does it cause?: Caught during pregnancy could lead to passing it onto your baby, which could cause complications
    Treatment: An injection or anti-viral drugs may be needed. Babies born with chickenpox will be given an injection
    Seek advice from: If you’ve previously had chickenpox you are probably immune. If you’ve been exposed to the virus seek advice from you GP
    Issue: Cystitis

    What is it?: Bladder inflammation caused by an infection
    What else does it cause?: A burning sensation when you urinate, it could cause miscarriage or early labour
    Treatment: Antibiotics may be prescribed. To avoid this infection you should drink plenty of clear fluids to help flush your system. Cranberry juice may discourage the bacteria
    Seek advice from: GP or Midwife
    Issue: Dizziness

    What is it?: Drop in blood pressure or low blood sugar
    What else does it cause?: Feeling light-headed or faint
    Treatment: Eating regularly without skipping meals and avoid standing for too long
    Seek advice from: Chat to your midwife
    Issue: Gestational Diabetes

    What is it?: During pregnancy your body will need to produce more insulin to break the sugar down in your blood. If you don’t produce enough insulin your blood sugar levels rise and you will pass it on to your baby
    What else does it cause?: You may have a very big baby which may cause problems at birth
    Treatment: Eat healthily and take regular exercise.
    Seek advice from: High blood sugar will show in your wee samples, your midwife will send you for a glucose test and advise on treatment
    Issue: Group B Streptococcus (GBS)

    What is it?: Bacteria that a quarter of all women carry inside the vagina with no affects
    What else does it cause?: You probably don’t know if you have it but it can be life-threatening to babies
    Treatment: You may be given an intravenous antibiotics throughout your labour to prevent your baby catching it
    Seek advice from: A midwife. A vaginal swab will show if you have it.
    Issue: Haemorrhoids (piles)

    What is it?: Veins protruding from your rectum
    What else does it cause?: sore, itchy and bleeding veins
    Treatment: Ice packs and soothing creams – eat wholegrain cereals and high fibre foods with plenty of fluids
    Seek advice from: Midwife
    Issue: Hyperemesis Gravidarum

    What is it?: Severe sickness
    What else does it cause?: Excessive vomiting could lead to dehydration
    Treatment: May be given tablets and sent to hospital for monitoring. You may also be put on a drip to rehydrate you
    Seek advice from: Your midwife
    Issue: Morning sickness

    What is it?: Most mums-to-be experience vomiting or queasy feelings. It doesn’t only occur in the mornings.
    What else does it cause?: You can feel really ill with it
    Treatment: Eating little and often will help
    Seek advice from: Midwife or GP if it persists. Morning sickness happens between 12 and 14 weeks
    Issue: Rhesus Status

    What is it?: You are either rhesus negative or positive, which shows if you have a particular protein in your blood
    What else does it cause?: If you are rhesus negative and your baby is rhesus positive, your immune system can form antibodies. These are then passed into your baby and could kill some of their red blood cells
    Treatment: Rhesus negative mums will be offered an injection.
    Seek advice from: Your midwife or GP
    Issue: Thrush

    What is it?: Yeast infection in your vagina
    What else does it cause?: Sore and itchy with yellow discharge
    Treatment: Anti-fungal creams. Don’t buy treatment before seeing your GP!
    Seek advice from: GP or your midwife

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