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Testicular cancer symptoms

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Testicular cancer is cancer which affects males commonly between the ages of 15 and 44. It is one of the less common cancers. Many people experience a painless lump or swelling in the testicles, but other symptoms can include:

• a dull ache in the scrotum, this is the sac of skin that hangs underneath the penis and contains the testicles

• the feeling of heaviness in the scrotum

Testicles

What are testicles? They are too oval shaped male sex organs which sit inside the scrotum on either side of the penis. They are an important part of the male reproductive system, as they produce sperm and testosterone, both of which play a major role in male sexual development.

Types of testicular Cancer

There are many types of testicular cancer which are classified by the type of cells the cancer this begins in. ‘Germs sell testicular cancer’ is the most common type of testicular cancer and accounts for around 95% of all cases. Germs cells help to create sperm.

There are two main subtypes of germs sell testicular cancer which are:

• seminomas which accounts for around 40% of all germs sell testicular cancer cases

• non-seminomas which accounts for around 60% of all germs sell testicular cancer cases

Both seminomas and non-seminomas generally respond well to chemotherapy, this is a treatment which is given directly into the bloodstream to kill cancer cells.

There are less common types of testicular cancer and they are:

• Leydig cell tumours which accounts for roughly 1 to 3% of all cases

• Sertoli cell tumours which account for around 1% of cases

How common is testicular cancer?

Each year in the UK of around 2100 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer, according to Cancer Research UK statistics, however it is relatively uncommon accounting for just 1% of all cancers that occur in men. The number of cases each year in the UK has almost doubled since the mid-1970s.Testicular cancer symptoms

Testicular cancer is unusual as it tends to affect younger men between the ages of 15 and 44. White men are five times more likely to have testicular cancer than black men, the reasons for this are unclear.

What are the causes of testicular cancer?

No one knows why testicular cancer occurs, but a number of things have been identified that can increase your chances of developing the condition, they are as follows:

• a family history of testicular cancer

• being born with undescended testicles or cryptorchidism or as it’s more commonly known. This is a condition with boys are born with the testicles located inside the abdomen, these then he sent into the screw down during the first 16 weeks of life. This roughly affects 3 to 5% of boys.

Outlook

Over 95% of men with early-stage testicular cancer will be completely cured, as it’s one of the most treatable types of cancer. In cases of advanced testicular cancer where the cancer has spread sees an 80% chance of being cured.

Deaths from testicular cancer are very rare compared to other cancers, statistics show that roughly 17 men die from testicular cancer every year in the UK.

Treatment

Treatment for testicular cancer will include the surgical removal of the affected testicle, fear not as this should not affect fertility or the ability to have sexual intercourse. Chemotherapy will also be used, you may find you need radiotherapy but this is less common as it uses radiation to kill the cancer cells.

 

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